On 13th February, the Centre of Opinion Studies (CEO) published the Omnibus of the Generalitat of Catalonia 2018, with the aim of obtaining opinion poll information about the current situation and its impact on policies being carried out in Catalonia. The report, divided into two blocks, addresses a range of scenarios, territorial, economic and work-related and moving on to health, culture and education, and also touches on the field of security and justice. As far as this block is concerned, it stresses, regarding the same report from the previous year, the change of focus: while in 2017 the emphasis was on the analysis of the judicial field, in 2018 security has been a priority, and it has particularly focused on gender violence taking place in leisure-related contexts.
On a scale of 0 to 10 (0 not at all safe and 10 very safe),those interviewed assessed the level of security in Catalonia with an average of 6.48, although most, 23.3%, gave a mark of 8, which means that means that the country is quite a safe place.
Drug trafficking is the phenomenon that is considered to be the main problem threatening cohabitation and public safety. On a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 meaning “no problem” and 10 meaning “a very important problem”, drug trafficking was given a 7.82 on average, ahead of such phenomena as, for example, theft and violence which would appear to have a more direct impact on citizens. Furthermore, most of those interviewed, 30.2%, qualified the threat as a “very important problem”, while only 1.1% qualified it as “no problem”.
This problem therefore encompasses other phenomena that are also considered to be a threat to cohabitation and public safety, like gender violence, awarded an average of 7.62, anti-social behaviour (litter, noise, etc.), awarded 7.42. Below 7 we find, in descending order, public insecurity, including theft and assault (6.92), racism and xenophobia (6.82) and mistreating the elderly (6.77). Terrorism, with an average of 6.25, is considered to be the least relevant problem.
As mentioned earlier, gender violence is one the main concerns, both for the general public and the institutions. In this edition, the Omnibus focuses on assaults and violence of a sexual nature in nightlife venues, according to the Catalonia Gender Violence Survey (EVCM) published by the Department of the Interior of the Generalitat of Catalonia in July, which is where most sexist assaults happen, followed by the public space and public transport.
On a scale of 0 to 5, with 0 meaning “never” and 5 “very often”, 5.2% of citizens believe that rape and attempted rape “very often” take place in nightlife venues, while most, 27%, believe that they “sometimes” happen. The percentage corresponding to “very often” increases progressively as the type of assault becomes less serious. Therefore, almost 30% of the population think that (aggressive) comments of a sexual nature “very often” take place in nightlife venues, 17.8%, hassling attitudes of a sexual nature, 9.8%, fondling without violence and 4.9%, fondling with violence. Hence, in general, citizens believe that in nightlife venues the different forms of sexual violence take place “sometimes” or “often”. Finally, the CEO results in the field of gender violence show that 12% of women in Catalonia are “very afraid”, on a scale of 0 to 10, of walking alone in the street due to a fear of being assaulted sexually.
To conclude, the results of the survey point out that the emergency telephone 112 is assessed positively by those who have used it for some reason, mainly because of a medical emergency (40.3%) or of a road accident (17.2%). 53.6% of users consider the attention received to be “very good”, while only 3.2% consider it to be “very bad”.
You can see the complete results of the 2018 Omnibus of the Generalitat of Catalonia by clicking on the following link: