Interpol and member countries collaborate, as both organisers and participants, in several activities, such as providing support for operations or investigations, with the aim of improving environmental security all over the world.
It has several projects that aim to help the police everywhere with their investigations in this field, with training activities, operational support, information exchange and analysis of criminal information.
Crimes against the environment are carried out in a range of ways:
- Crimes against wildlife: Interpol participates in specific interventions involving law enforcement, like operationThunderbird, which was designed to increase the effect of sustainability measures and the conservation of wildlife and vegetation.
- Fishing crimes: operational and investigative activities are coordinated on a world and regional scale, but with a special interest to give support to developing countries in cases of related offences.
- Forest crimes: training and operational support for organisms responsible for applying the law in countries that import or export wood. The objective is to improve the response of member states to criminals involved in illegal felling and deforestation, as well as tax evasion, corruption, faking documentsand laundering of capital.
- Contamination and related offences: Interpol emphasises the operation“30 days of action”, developed in the summer of 2017 and focused on illegal dumping and the illegal commerce related to dangerous waste. Information was givenabout 483 people and 264 companies were accused of crimes and offences related to the illegal treatment of waste, and 1.5 million tons of waste were located.
Interpol is part of the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crimes (ICCWC), which aims to reinforce penal justice system sand provide coordinated support on a national, regional and international scale, to combat crime against wildlife and forests.
Concurrently, Interpol can give technical and investigative support in specific cases with investigation support teams. These teams are composed of law-enforcement agents and analysts with specialised knowledge in the forensic, analytical and technical field, and with competences in the world of crime.
It also organises investigation and analysis meetings related to cases so that investigators from different countries and regions can discuss transnational cases of common interest or exchange information.
Finally, the so-called NEST groups –National Environmental Security Teams– are multidisciplinary teams of experts from different national organisms, among these the police, the customs service, ministries responsible for the environment and the prosecutors.
Analysis of criminal information facilitates the decision-making processfor investigators, governing bodies and other interlocutors of law enforcement agencies and guarantees a focus on Police activities based on strategic information.