Criminality known to the Police in Spain fell for the eighth successive year, according to what the minister of the interior presented last 14 February. In the whole of Spain, security forces and agencies –which include the Policia Nacional, the Guardia Civil, autonomy police forces and local police forces− knew of little over two million penal cases, which means 43.2 cases per 1,000 inhabitants. This amounts to a drop of 1.2% compared with the total of the previous year.
This fall has not been homogeneous all over the country. Almost all autonomous communities experienced a drop in comparison with the previous year, but there are four communities which have seen a rise in crime: Cantabria (1.7%), the Balearic Islands (2.2%), Madrid (2.5%) and Navarra (7.5%). At the other extreme, the most significant falls were in Ceuta (-6.3%) and La Rioja (-6.2%).
The balance of crime presented information concerning penal typologies which are more homogeneous according to EUROSTAT, most of which have also fallen. The following are stressed:
- Homicides fell below 300 cases for the first time, with a drop of 3.3%.
- Theft –which is the highest in number, with 711,908 cases in 2016− fell by 0.5% compared with 2015.
- The number of cases of stolen vehicles increased by 0.8%.
- Drug trafficking is the other offence which increased in comparison with the previous year, 3.1%.
- Other categories were theft with violence (which saw a 1.9% drop), burglaries with force (which fell by 2.1%) and damage (which fell by 0.3%).
Of the 292 homicides committed, 44 correspond to women who were victims of domestic violence. Concerning this type of offence, the Domestic Violence System has 51,940 cases in process at the moment.
Due to the nature of police data, which is subject to small variations as time passes (due to new cases which happened previously, or because of a change in the type of offence on further investigation), this data is not fully consolidated and the official data will be regarded as that published in the Ministry of the Interior’s annual report.
These indicators have to change in 2017 due to modifications implemented by EUROSTAT, with the objective of improving the coherence and comparability of the statistics concerning crime on an international scale and optimising the capacity for analysis and prevention in relation with crime. The indicators are linked to the International classification of crimes with a statistical purpose proposed by the United Nations office against drugs and crime in 2015.
The new indicators are:
|· Intentional Homicide||· Homicidi dolós i assassinat consumat|
|· Attempted Intentional Homicide||· Temptativa d’homicidi dolós i assassinat consumat|
|· Assault||· Delicte de lesions|
|· Kidnapping||· Segrest|
|· Sexual Violence||· Delicte contra la llibertat i indemnitat sexual|
|§ Rape||o Agressió sexual amb penetració|
|§ Sexual assault||o Resta de delictes contra la llibertat i indemnitat sexual|
|· Robbery with violence or intimidation||· Robatori amb violència o intimidació|
|· Burglary with force in homes and premises||· Robatori amb força a les coses en habitatges i establiments|
|o Burglary of Private Residential Premises (Domestic Burglary)||o Robatori amb força en habitatges|
|· Theft and theft from inside vehicles||· Delicte de furt i furt a l’interior de vehicle|
|· Theft of a Motorized Land Vehicle||· Furt de vehicles, robatori de vehicles i apropiació indeguda de vehicles|
|· Unlawful Acts Involving Controlled Drugs or Precursors||· Tràfic de drogues|
The data published is available in different formats on the website of Ministry of the Interior.