The Catalonia public security survey (ESPC) is a tool used to assess the level of public security in Catalonia and is carried out every two years. The last survey involved 6,214 people over 16, between 17 November and 30 December 2015. Major points worth stressing are the following:
- The perception of security in Catalonia has maintained an upward trend over recent years.
- Spontaneous recollection of having been victim of a crime has gone down notably over recent years, falling from 2010 (8.9%) to 6,6% in 2015.
- Within crime, incidents recorded by the ESPC 2015, only 12% are against people, while 88% are against property, notably against vehicles (27,7%), deception, fraud and swindling (21,6%) and cases involving proximity : muggings, snatching, steeling bags, wallets, mobiles… (19.9%).
- Roughly 15% of crimes against persons have involved injury. In 10% of cases Medical care or medication have been necessary.
- Underlying motives for crimes against persons (physical aggression, threats, coercion and intimidation) researched, sex-oriented factors (12.6%) and ideology (12.2%) stand out.
- The rate of reporting crimes has gone down slightly compared with ESPC 2013 (from 39.9% to 39.3%).
- After a phase of great stability, this is the third successive year that the perception of security has improved. It is now 6.9 points, as in 2001.
- The rating of the Catalan police continues to improve, which consolidates a clear trend over recent years. This year assessment ratings are the best of the series (7.3 points), with similar levels to the year 2000 in the case of the Mossos, and even higher in the case of the local Police forces (6.9 points).
- Visibility of uniformed patrols of the Mossos d’Esquadra which had been very stable over recent years, improves greatly this year: the proportion of people who regard it as sufficient increases (from 49.3% to 57.7%).
- Assessment of the reception of the reporting of crime to the Mossos d’Esquadra continues to improve and is now well over seven points on average (7.7).
- The majority opinion is that the monitoring by Mossos of the roads is sufficient (it remains at 53.1%).
- Those questioned mainly felt that administrations must do more than they do. Above all, more intervention is demanded in the case of divers using their telephones (76.5%) and drivers who have drunk more than is legally permitted (74.5%).
- Among new aspects reported by the ESPC 2015 the following must be stressed:
- Collaboration of private security services with the Mossos d’Esquadra: those interviewed mainly agree with such collaboration, especially in specific neighbourhoods or shopping centres.
- Medical and psychological tests which are done to renew a driving licence: Most people interviewed feel that they are not sufficient and that these must be more thorough (58.6%).