Interpol is expanding on its resources to combat human trafficking. This type of organised international crime generates thousands of millions of Euros in profit and has worldwide effects.
Victims are enticed and transported from one country to another by means of deception, threats and the use of force, and normally, against their will.
Interpol supports national police organisms regarding in situ tactical deployments aimed at dismantling criminal networks which are behind the trafficking of humans.
This so-called modern slavery takes on different formats:
- The trafficking of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Traffickers deceive both adult and under-age women with the promise of a decent job and then oblige them to exercise as prostitutes.
- Human trafficking to submit people to forced labour. Victims are obliged to do arduous slave labour.
- Commercial sexual exploitation of children on tourist trips. Especially in Asia, Africa and Latin America, where sexual relations with minors tend not to be prohibited and the risk of incrimination for such crimes is very low.
- Trafficking people related to the trafficking of organs. Human trafficking to use their organs– especially kidneys -, tissues and cells, is a vast and complex field of crime.
One of the most noteworthy and successful operations is Operation Spartacus, carried out in June 2016 in 25 countries in Central and South America, with the rescue of dozens of victims and 134 arrests. And also Operation Nawa which took place in the Ivory Coast with the rescue of 76 children from all over western Africa and the arrest of 8 people.
There are many ways of trafficking, but abuse of the vulnerable state of the victims is habitual. At this moment, human trafficking is a complex crime to fight against and international cooperation between those organisms responsible for applying the law is necessary. Interpol promotes a range of tools for police services worldwide:
- The Interpol notification and information system which allows for cooperation on a worldwide scale between member states to pursue criminals, locate people and gather information.
- Technical solutions MIND and FIND, which allow the police to get immediate responses to queries about stolen or lost travel documents, and also about stolen vehicles and criminals wanted by the justice system.
- The Interpol Work Group of Experts in Human Trafficking is a guide recognised internationally and is aimed at civil servants who deal with the trafficking of people and are responsible for the application of the law.
- Crisis management teams, which can be sent at the request of member states to provide specific knowledge, support in terms of investigating and training, with the support of the Work Group of Experts.
Link of interest: